Songs for Young Singers , a careful review of more than 2, songs printed in over 70 anthologies, has been written to address the needs of choir directors and voice teachers of junior high and high school age students.
Section I lists songs by title as well as the anthologies in which they are found. Teachers wishing to explore the works of a particular composer will turn to section II, where songs are listed by composer. Section VI lists the anthologies reviewed with a detailed description of the vocal demand of each song in the anthology. The songs have been evaluated on seven criteria: melodic contour including range , phrase length, language, rhythm, accompaniment, harmonic language, and dynamics, and are listed by title, composer, and level of difficulty.
Scarecrow Press. Outside the university he directs the Wasatch Chorale of Provo, Utah and the Utah Valley Choral Society as well as serving as a frequent vocal and choral clinician. We generally describe it as a series of mostly three-syllable phrases, such as cheerily, cheerio, cheeri-up, cheerio. But most robins have a dozen or more different phrases that most of us miss. And what about the high-pitched, whispered hisselly phrase? Have you heard it? Consider also the Chestnut-sided Warbler. At about 4 a. He walks that cut and, along the way, listens to 22 male Chestnut-sided Warblers on territories.
But the warblers are not singing the classic pleased-pleased-pleased-to-MEETCHA song that we have learned to associate with the warblers. Their intent changes from excluding males to attracting females. While listening to Marsh Wrens, Kroodsma confirmed that birds from the West sang differently than those from the East. The difference was pronounced. And western birds had a larger repertoire more than songs than those of the East fewer than 50 songs. He sought mid-continent areas where the two forms overlapped and found them in Nebraska and Saskatchewan.
Standing in marshes there, he heard songs that were either classic eastern or western.
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- The rise of Baal.
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- What To Do, when you know the title of the song:.
That was strange: If the Marsh Wren is indeed one species, he reasoned, the two forms should interbreed in areas of overlap and variations of songs should be heard, yet he heard none. This mystery unfolds in the book. For the sheer beauty of song, you must read the discussion of thrushes.
To describe their magical music, Kroodsma reminds us of how birds produce sound. With minor exception, birds produce sound in two voice boxes syringes , located one each in the upper part of the left and right primary bronchi, just after they branch off the trachea. Thrushes can produce sound from either syrinx separately or sing different phrases from each syrinx at the same time, producing unbelievable harmony.
Kroodsma shows these sonograms, as well, using an expanded time scale and slowing the sound down to one tenth normal speed. How the Wood Thrush brain can send impulses to the muscles of not only one but two syringes simultaneously, and create such beautiful and complex music, is absolutely amazing. You must see it and hear it to believe it.
The Greatest Acts of the Anglo-American Folk Music Tradition
This is a truly fascinating book. Only Kroodsma could have written it, and only after 30 some years of listening. It will forever change the way you listen to birds. In fact, with a little determination and luck, you might have checked it off this morning. In fact, you have never gotten around to paying sufficient attention, have you? Welcome to the club! Cardinals nest in my yard every year, sometimes a couple of pairs. His is generally the first song to reach me through the bedroom windows just before dawn most mornings from early March through midsummer: wheat-cheer-wheat-cheer.
Folk Song Books
And yes, I know the books say the females sing too. I have often told people that.
In a handful of species, however—Carolina Wren, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, and Northern Cardinal, for example—females also sing. This is something of a behavioral puzzle because.
I have missed it year after year—probably for the same reasons you have. We are visually oriented creatures, you and I. We believe and appreciate best what we can see. Birds originally attracted us because they are eye-catching and colorful, and a pleasure to watch. Only musically adept birders listen to birds as carefully as they look at them.
For most birders like us, the calls and songs of birds fall a distant second to their visual appeal. Therefore, you may be interested in the rehabilitation program I have designed and tested for birders just like us. Step 1. And yes, you need both. Step 2. Step 4.
Song of Myself (1892 version)
Listen some more. Play it again, all the way to the end. Close your eyes and keep them closed. Tie a bandana around your eyes if you must. Give the knocks, chips, squeaks, whistles, shrieks, hoots, yodels, and rat-a-tat-tats your full attention. Save that for later. The CD itself lacks any verbal commentary, an arrangement that has several positive effects.
Three-wattled Bellbird? Sooty Shearwater? But somewhere in that long series of sounds, perhaps even among the most familiar of sounds— oh, sweet Canada. You might stop trying to identify this species or that and start thinking on a different level.
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What is this collection of noises all about? These are Earthlings talking! The sounds of our fellow passengers on this planet bubble up around us every day of the year, but too often we ignore them. Once a year on the Christmas count we might go out in search of owl calls, but how many other days have you woken up early to go our in acoustic pursuit of birds? For a few, short weeks in spring we might use our ears again to identify migratory songbirds, then possibly once or twice in fall we might consciously listen for the call of a Bobolink or Dickcissel passing overhead.
For the rest of the year, most of the sounds of birds pass by unnoticed, especially the sounds of the species we hear most regularly. Step 5.
Time to open Birdsong: A Natural History. Best of all, he sketches the science by narrating several of the acoustic expeditions and investigations Donald Kroodsma has conducted over the past 10 years. Step 6. Read The Singing Life of Birds. Kroodsma advocates counting sequences of songs and taking notes about individual differences and changes in sequences. He also makes a very good case for buying a microphone and parabolic reflector. You may not be ready for that step, but as long as you have a notepad, pen, and digital watch, his book will prepare you to.
Step 7. Go out the door yourself predawn, in pursuit of the morning chorus.